The legend of the emergence of the Lošinj archipelago – historically known as Apsyrtides – is related to Jason and the myth of the Argonauts’ pursuit of the Golden Fleece. With a help of Medea, Jason managed to steal the Fleece and killed her brother Apsyrt. After they threw Apsyrt to the sea, Cres and Lošinj islands emerged from the depths of the sea.

Lošinj experienced its heyday in the 19th century, when the island's shipbuilding – primarily wooden sailboats – was at its peak and the sailors were worldwide known for their exceptional skills and bravery. The island bloomed with the beginnings of tourism at the beginning of the 20th century.

The traces of the island's interesting past can be found at every turn. The most stunning testimonial to ancient times was, actually, discovered relatively recently, and by pure accident.

When diving in the waters between the islands of Lošinj and Vele Orjule, a group of divers came across something that turned out to be one of the best preserved statues of Apoxyomenos, a Greek athlete, discovered anywhere in the world! The statue has been restored and displayed in public in various locations in Croatia and worldwide, and will be put on permanent display in the new museum that is currently being built in Mali Lošinj.